By Michael Sudduth
Sudduth offers a severe exploration of classical empirical arguments for survival arguments that purport to teach that info accrued from ostensibly paranormal phenomena represent stable facts for the survival of the self after demise. using the conceptual instruments of formal epistemology, he argues that classical arguments are unsuccessful.
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Extra resources for A Philosophical Critique of Empirical Arguments for Postmortem Survival
So while the psychological conception of survival is essential to the eschatology of many religious traditions, it may be more sensible to suppose that religious traditions have actually been informed by pre-existing or co-existing, independent conceptions of the self, even if the idea of an afterlife is religiously motivated. There is, of course, a central conceptual consideration that plausibly explains the widespread appeal of psychological survival, at least in the very minimal sense of a persisting individual conscious life or stream of experience characterized by various psychological properties.
Perhaps the interests and beliefs of survivors remain largely continuous with the interests and beliefs they had in their antemortem state, or perhaps these radically change. Accordingly, we can conceive of various hypotheses of psychological survival that occupy a position on a fairly broad continuum, with strong and weak conceptions occupying opposite ends of the continuum. I explore this beginning first with a strong personal survival hypothesis, which is partly based on the strong conception of psychological survival.
Survivalists – those who believe in life after death – have taken different views concerning what exactly survives death, the manner in which it survives, and the general nature of postmortem existence and the afterlife. Moreover, the range of survival hypotheses is widened even further if we consider, in addition to the actual positions of survivalists, the mere theoretical possibilities or conceivable survival hypotheses at this juncture. J. D. Broad (1962: 387–430) have discussed in their seminal explorations of survival, there are many ways to conceive of postmortem survival.