Download A reference grammaer of the Novegradian language. Довѣднике by Martin Posthumus PDF

By Martin Posthumus

Novegradian is an artificially developed language, an test in language improvement and evolution set opposed to another his- torical timeline. In engaged on it, I sought to create whatever life like, a language that may conceivably be visible as a modern day sibling to the opposite Slavic languages of jap Europe. The contents of this grammar weren't easily created out of skinny air; it concerned loads of study into the opposite Slavic languages, their improvement, and the historic linguistic history of the wider Slavic language kinfolk, in addition to the Uralic languages that have been normally spoken within the comparable territory because the actual previous Novgorodian and my very own sleek Novegradian. many of the inherited vocabulary was once hand-derived from reconstructed universal Slavic, believed to be the ancestor of the entire modern day Slavic languages. loads of inspiration and energy used to be positioned into actually each be aware of this language. it's been a proj- ect of 4 years on the time of writing, and that i desire that point is mirrored within the caliber of the product.

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Additional resources for A reference grammaer of the Novegradian language. Довѣднике по граматикѣ новеградескаево лизика

Example text

C ɟ] are considered the most proper forms, although the palatalized velars [kʲ gʲ] are generally regarded as an acceptable variant, particularly in regions where Novegradian is still widely learned as a second language, as in parts of Estonia, Finland, Karelia, and Komi; in these areas /c ɟ/ therefore are not distinguished from /k g/ before stressed front vowels. In regions where the [c ɟ] pronunciations are standard, there is often a slight affricatization occurring before any stressed vowel: [cç ɟʝ].

2 The term “athematic” refers to the present/future stem. Many verbs have an athematic infinitive stem, but only these four have such in the present/future. The letters assigned to the three thematic conjugations refer to their theme vowel. S e ct i o n 4: Ve r b a l M o r p h o l o g y 39 Each verb only has a present/future and past tense formed through inflection, as well as several non-finite forms (the infinitive, supine, and participles). The perfective form of an imperfective verb is generally made by adding a prefix or using a suppletive verb.

Kjá lé łá iém ién iénj ó pé rá sé té ú hé hjá cé śá iáte iú iá The digraphs гь, ғь, кь, нь, and хь are considered single letters, and in dictionaries and other alphabetical listings are ordered after the nonpalatal consonant they are based on. On vertical signs they are always grouped together, and in crosswords they fit into a single box. However, although they are single letters, they are composed of two distinct glyphs, meaning they have two majuscule forms: the ‘upper case’ ГЬ ҒЬ КЬ НЬ ХЬ in all-capital texts or headlines, and ‘title case’ Гь Ғь Кь Нь Хь when at the beginning of a word.

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