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By Keith Randell; Russel Tarr;

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Luther tapped this reservoir of antipapal feeling and appealed to a common hatred of the grasping foreigner. Frederick shared these sentiments. When Luther was summoned to Rome by Pope Leo he was able to refuse because Frederick was firmly behind him and was arguing that any case against Luther should be heard on German soil. Even when the Key question Why was Frederick so determined to support Luther? Luther’s Revolt | 37 bull Exsurge Domine was issued against Luther, Frederick refused to obey it.

Thus the two sides were arguing at cross purposes with no real point of contact. Luther is questioned by Johann Eck After Cajetan’s unsuccessful mission the Pope realised that threats against Luther were never going to work. The Church was offering no defence to Luther’s charges and was leaving the way clear for him to gain increasing numbers of supporters in Germany. The Pope was so unpopular in Germany due to his extortionate taxes that the traditional appeal to unthinking obedience was being rejected.

His particular interest was the Bible, about which he had been lecturing at the university since he had been sent there in 1511. Like many academics of his time, Luther was a monk and as such was compelled to serve where his superiors directed him. But he was in no way a dry intellectual like so many of his colleagues. He was driven by a remarkably strong inner force which gave him no peace as long as he remained in doubt about the exact way in which God decided who should enter heaven. This force had been the most important influence in his life ever since he had become a monk at the age of 21 following a promise he had made to St Anne, his patron saint (a holy figure associated with a particular trade), for protecting him when caught in a frightening thunderstorm.

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