By Ragnar Stefánsson
The distinctive ordinary stipulations in Iceland in addition to excessive point expertise, have been the foundation for multidisciplinary and multinational cooperation for learning crustal methods, specifically tactics prior to huge earthquakes. This paintings ends up in new cutting edge effects and genuine time warnings that are defined within the booklet. the consequences acquired in Iceland are of importance for earthquake prediction learn worldwide.
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Additional resources for Advances in Earthquake Prediction: Research and Risk Mitigation
And we had to be fast. The system had to provide information of signiﬁcance for short-term watching within seconds and minutes. The system was designed to cope with all these problems. We showed our design ideas for the SIL system to some high-level seismologists at the American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting in San Francisco in 1986. Besides generating very fruitful discussion, the general response was that such a system was what all seismologists dreamed of but it did not seem attainable in reality.
As is the case for many kinds of law-making, conservatism or adherence to standard methods tends to prevail over desires to increase our understanding of crustal behavior, although in time new results from earthquake prediction research and other geoscience research will ﬁnd their way into standard earthquake assessment, but only when they have been proven beyond any reasonable doubt. This conservatism is understandable from the point of view of builders, who follow building regulations strictly, and do not like any scientiﬁc data that would devalue their houses.
When the Nordic countries—Denmark, Iceland, Norway, and Finland—took up the challenge of setting up an earthquake prediction research project in Iceland, based on the resolution taken by the Council of Europe, which proposed the South Iceland Lowland (SIL) as a test area, the SIL project was born. This initiative very naturally was led by scientists in Iceland, the only Nordic (Scandinavian) country where large earthquakes frequently occur. Iceland is traditionally considered by Nordic countries as a ‘‘natural laboratory in geophysics research’’, a phrase stemming from the famous Swedish seismologist Marcus Ba˚th in a paper about the crustal structure of Iceland (Ba˚th, 1960).