By Elizabeth Fee, Daniel M. Fox
The AIDS epidemic has posed extra pressing old questions than the other illness of recent instances. How have societies replied to epidemics long ago? Why did the disorder emerge while and the place it did? How has it unfold between individuals of specific teams? and the way will the earlier have an effect on the future—in specific, what does the background of clinical technological know-how and public wellbeing and fitness let us know approximately our skill to regulate the epidemic and at last to therapy the disease?
Historical equipment of inquiry swap, and those that use those equipment frequently disagree on thought and perform. certainly, the participants to this quantity carry various reviews on arguable historiographic concerns. yet they percentage 3 very important rules: wary adherence to the "social constructionist" view of previous and current; profound skepticism approximately historicism's notion of development; and wariness approximately "presentism," the distortion of the prior by way of seeing it merely from the viewpoint of the present.
Each of the twelve essays addresses a side of the burdens of historical past through the AIDS epidemic. by way of "burdens" is intended the inescapable importance of occasions some time past for the current. All of those occasions are similar indirectly to the present epidemic and will support make clear the complicated social and cultural responses to the obstacle of AIDS.
This assortment illuminates current issues at once and forcefully with out sacrificing cognizance to historic element and to the diversities among earlier and current occasions. It reminds us that a few of the matters now being debated—quarantine, exclusion, public wishes and personal rights—have their parallels long ago. this can be a huge publication for social historians and common readers in addition to for historians of medication.
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Extra info for AIDS: The Burdens of History
44. Reese, Epidemic Cholera , map, and 55-60. See also Atkins, Reports , 14. 45. Cholera Bulletin 1 (13 July 1832): 26. 46. , 26. 45. Cholera Bulletin 1 (13 July 1832): 26. 46. , 26. 47. Cholera Bulletin 1 (4 August 1832): 98. 48. New York Evening Post , 20 July 1832. 49. New York Evening Post , 23 July 1832. 50. Ibid. 49. New York Evening Post , 23 July 1832. 50. Ibid. 51. New York Evening Post , 21 July 1832. 52. Cholera Bulletin 1 (11 July 1832): 17. 53. Atkins, Reports , 116. 54. Charles E.
McNicol and R. N. Doetsch in "A Hypothesis Accounting for the Origin of Pandemic Cholera: A Retrograde Analysis," Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 26 (1983): 547-552. The traditional view represented by R. Pollitzer and J. Chambers is that the disease has been present since antiquity. See R. Pollitzer, Cholera (Geneva, World Health Organization, 1959), esp. chap. 1, pp. 11-16. 29. There is no comprehensive work on the history of cholera from a global perspective. A useful sketch of the various pandemics can be found in Erwin H.
Ell, "Some Evidence for Interhuman Transmission of Plague," Reviews of Infectious Diseases 1 (1979): 563-566. 4. This explanation has been proposed by John Norris, a long-time student of plague epidemiology. His paper "Final Deliverance: The Disappearance of Plague from Western Europe" (The 1986 Benjamin Lieberman Memorial Lecture, University of California, San Francisco) still awaits publication. However, he has given us a valuable insight into the origins of the disease: "East or West? The Geographic Origin of the Black Death," Bulletin of the History of Medicine 51 (1977): 1-24.