By Gerd Nonneman
Within the post-9/11 weather, the function of center japanese and North African (MENA) states in Europe’s nearby safety atmosphere and overseas politics has turn into greater than ever a spotlight for awareness, yet continues to be ill-understood. This booklet offers a framework for the research of heart japanese overseas regulations ordinarily, and for realizing those states’ family with Europe specifically. The ebook fills a niche within the literature on Euro-Middle jap family by way of adopting a south-to-north point of view, utilizing the instruments of overseas coverage research to envision the determinants of the international rules of the MENA states themselves: purely therefore can one wish to reach at a real knowing of what underlies those states’ evolving coverage orientations and behavior in the direction of Europe. the quantity begins through laying out a conceptual framework for research, and analyzing the household, neighborhood, and foreign environments that situation MENA international regulations. real coverage output is then systematically investigated via a variety of nation case experiences starting from the Maghreb and the Mashreq to the Gulf and Turkey. Europe is handled all through either as a goal of these international rules, and as a part of the surroundings that shapes them. the results of a two-year venture backed by means of the ecu collage Institute’s Mediterranean Programme, the ebook is helping bridge the divide among center East services and the self-discipline of diplomacy. The systematic comparative research of MENA states’ overseas coverage with exact connection with Europe throws new mild on questions about ‘Third global’ international coverage.
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Additional resources for Analysing Middle Eastern Foreign Policies: The Relationship With Europe
39 The European Council of Thessaloniki in June, however, speciﬁcially requested the Commission and the High Representative for CFSP (Javier Solana) to formulate a policy framework and working plan to strengthen relations with the whole Arab world (building on existing frameworks including the New Neighbourhood context). The resulting policy document, Strengthening EU’s Relations with the Arab World, was presented to the Brussels Council meeting in December 2003. e. including Iran. e. bringing in the Gulf and Arabian Peninsula region, not least by ‘the linking of EU-MED and EU-GCC free trade agreements, [and] including Yemen’; (2) fostering reforms; (3) making the EU’s policies and policy instruments towards the MENA region more coherent; and (4) the need to resolve the Palestine issue.
The second type of structural explanation contradicts the optimistic assumption found in some strands of democratization studies, that with economic liberalization comes an expansion of the bourgeoisie, which in turn becomes an increasingly signiﬁcant pressure group for political liberalization. 9 On the one hand, internal economic weaknesses combine with the pressure of the international political economy to undercut the regime’s existing tools to build legitimacy. Two key tasks in which the state is seen as performing deﬁciently – and which were central to the state–society bargain – are the role of provider and that of defending the ‘Arab cause’.
4. ), Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World. Vol. 2: Comparative Experiences (Boulder: Lynne Rienner: 1998), pp. 269– 71. 40 ANALYZING MIDDLE EASTERN FOREIGN POLICIES 5. , p. ), Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World. Vol. 1: Theoretical Experiences (Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 1995, pp. 113–28) along with other case studies. 6. ’, in Brynen, Korany and Noble, Political Liberalization and Democratization in the Arab World. Volume 1: Theoretical Experiences, pp.