Download Analysis of SAR Data of the Polar Oceans: Recent Advances by Professor Dr. Costas Tsatsoulis, Dr. Ronald Kwok (auth.) PDF

By Professor Dr. Costas Tsatsoulis, Dr. Ronald Kwok (auth.)

This publication experiences contemporary advances within the use of SAR imagery for operational functions and for helping technology investigations of the polar oceans. the $64000 parameters which are extracted from spaceborne SAR imagery are mentioned. Algorithms utilized in such analyses are defined and information structures utilized in generating the ocean ice items are provided.

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Analysis of SAR Data of the Polar Oceans: Recent Advances

This e-book stories fresh advances within the use of SAR imagery for operational functions and for assisting technology investigations of the polar oceans. the $64000 parameters which might be extracted from spaceborne SAR imagery are mentioned. Algorithms utilized in such analyses are defined and information platforms utilized in generating the ocean ice items are supplied.

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In Fig. 13a, the floes are primarily dark separated by bright ridges, except that there is a small circular region on the border between frames 3 and 4 that is brighter. The floe results in Fig. 13b are largely acceptable, noting that within the brighter region there is a reduction of measurable floes and increased water/ice mixture. On July 4, Fig. 13C shows that the brightened area has extended northward and the floes in frames 1 and 2 are also less dark and distinct. In the brightened areas, there has been an almost complete loss of floe discrimination.

During advanced melt the snow cover is first saturated throughout its volume and then melts rapidly. During this period liquid is drained from the saturated snow. Tightly packed grain clusters occur after the liquid has drained. Colbeck (1982) reports that grain clusters under these conditions are typically two to four crystal arrangements. These multi-crystal forms can also form aggregates of several hundred crystals, often called polycrystalline aggregates. With drainage of the snow pack a gradient of water volume is set up within the snow with minimum values at the surface and saturation at the base.

2B). Later in the season we observe increased variability in each of the flux terms. The net radiative flux for the snow-sea ice-ocean volume is positive, but the radiation balance at the snow surface, Q* ,s> remains negative owing to the transmission of the solar radiation beyond the volume's near surface. Radiation absorbed within the snow volume is comparable in magnitude with Q*. The surface volume is more strongly coupled to the atmosphere, as turbulent losses to the atmosphere represent the major energy sink.

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