Download Buddhism in Practice by Donald S. Lopez Jr. PDF

By Donald S. Lopez Jr.

This anthology, first released in 1995, illustrates the colossal scope of Buddhist perform in Asia, prior and current. Re-released now in a slimmer yet nonetheless broad version, Buddhism in Practice provides a range of thirty-five translated texts--each preceded by means of a considerable creation by means of its translator.

These strange assets offers the reader with a feeling of the extraordinary variety of the practices of folks who over the process 2,500 years were pointed out, through themselves or by way of others, as Buddhists. Demonstrating the various continuities one of the practices of Buddhist cultures greatly separated by way of either background and geography, Buddhism in Practice maintains to supply a great creation to Buddhism and a resource of latest insights for scholars.

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For all Buddhist schools, the stupa became a reference point denoting the Buddha's presence in the landscape. Early texts and the archeological records link stupa worship with the Buddha's life and especially the key sites in his career, such as the site of his birth, enlightenment, first teaching, and death. A standard list of eight shrines is recommended for pilgrimage and veneration. However, stu pas are also found at places that were sacred for other reasons, often associated with a local deity.

The notion of refuge suggests two points fundamental to the Buddhist worldview. sara, the cycle of rebirths. sara, and thus can offer refuge to others. In the medical metaphor of which Buddhists are so fond, the Buddha is the doctor, the dharma is the medicine, and the sangha are the nurses. It is the Buddha who finds the path to liberation and shows it to others. The dharma is the path itself, and the sangha are one's companions who offer assistance along the way. Before discussing the three jewels in more detail, it would be useful here to outline some of the doctrines most basic to Buddhist practices, as they have been understood by Buddhist authors and by Western scholars.

One of the earliest substitutes for the Buddha was the wisdom by which he became enlightened and, by extension, the texts that contained that wisdom. This wisdom was called the "perfection of wisdom" (prajniipiiramitii). In part because it was this wisdom that metaphorically gave birth to the Buddha and, in part, because the word prajniipiiramitii is in the feminine gender in Sanskrit, this wis- 24 DONALD S. LOPEZ, JR. " But not all of the important female figures in Buddhism have been anthropomorphized principles.

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