By Wen C. Fong
Between Cultures, via Wen C. Fong, in line with a variety of recent chinese language work from the Robert H. Ellsworth assortment within the Metropolitan Museum of artwork, explores the an important interval from the 1860s to approximately 1980, whilst chinese language portray was once reworked right into a glossy expression of its classical historical past. not like classical chinese language portray relationship from earlier than 1860, which has commanded in-depth examine from a discovered and complex viewers within the West, glossy chinese language portray has been little explored. the 1st accomplished assemblage within the West of work in this topic, the Robert H. Ellsworth assortment includes works within the classical chinese language medium of ink on paper and within the conventional codecs of scrolls, album leaves, and fans.
the quantity offers with either traditionalist and modernizing chinese language masters from the comparative views of East and West, conventional and sleek. Dr. Fong starts his exploration with the final revival of conventional chinese language artwork, that of the epigraphic university of portray, and the increase of a populist artwork within the past due 19th and early 20th centuries within the cosmopolitan urban of Shanghai. His dialogue keeps with painters who absorbed the teachings of Western realism, which they considered as a part of Western technological know-how and expertise. targeted awareness is dedicated to Xu Beihong (1895–1953) and Fu Baoshi (1904–1965), who the lessons, respectively, of the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and the japanese Nihonga sort. The paintings of 3 nice traditionalist masters, Qi Baishi (1863–1957), Huang Binhong (1865–1955), and Zhang Daqian (1899–1983), can also be analyzed, with emphasis put on Qi and Zhang as specialist populist painters. this can be by way of a dialogue of portray in mainland China from approximately 1950 to the Eighties through the second one new release of artists and lecturers within the nationwide academies. those painters, having been expert by way of traditionalist and Western-style academics, constructed their very own faculties of impact of their look for a brand new synthesis of chinese language and Western methods.
one of many crucial questions posed within the booklet is, what's "modern" in twentieth-century chinese language portray? a few view modernity because the Westernization of chinese language artwork; others look for components of modernity in chinese language portray heritage. The publication closes with the author's personal reflections on realism, expression, and modernity and, extra in particular, the query of creativity in either conventional and glossy chinese language portray. [This e-book was once initially released in 2001 and has long gone out of print. This variation is a print-on-demand model of the unique book.]