By Margie Berns
This volume formalizes, organizes and analyzes the relation of data about language to decision-making in perform. It synthesizes learn in psycholinguistics, academic linguistics and sociolinguistics, freely crossing topic fields to set up cutting edge and specialist responses to a couple of the foremost debates within the box. Authored and compiled by way of leaders of their quite a few specialties and collated and greatly re-edited from the award-winning Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics 2d version, this assortment should be a great one-stop table reference answer for any linguistics specialist and researcher drawn to how language operates on the cutting edge.
* Authoritative evaluation of this dynamic box positioned in an interdisciplinary context
* Over a hundred articles through leaders within the field
* Compact and reasonable single-volume layout
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Extra resources for Concise Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics (Concise Encyclopedias of Language and Linguistics)
Doing Applied Linguistics Critically Although the term ‘critical applied linguistics’ is relatively recent (see Pennycook, 2001), it draws on a far longer history of critical work in related domains, work that can be traced back at least to the early part of the 20th century. In this first section, however, I will present critical applied linguistics in its contemporary forms by providing a brief summary of interlocking domains of applied linguistic work that operate under an explicit critical label, including critical discourse analysis, critical literacy, critical pedagogy, or critical language testing, as well as both areas that have developed a critical focus without using the label, such as critical approaches to translation or language policy, and those that have used alternative critical banners, such as feminism, antiracism, and so on (Table 1).
Also new about contemporary corpus linguistics is the addition of such approaches as discourse analysis, intercultural communication, and conversational analysis to the applied linguists’ tools and techniques. Languages of Wider Communication Studies of languages of wider communication (LWC), languages that provide a mutually intelligible medium for speakers in multilingual societies, or lingua francas, are not new. However, advances in modern communication technology and travel have intensified a need for common languages.
CLT ‘‘implies the need to develop critical strategies to examine the uses and consequences of tests, to monitor their power, minimize their detrimental force, reveal the misuses, and empower the test takers’’ (Shohamy, 2001: 131). levels’’ (Mey, 1985: 342). While sociolinguistics would appear to have the tools to deal with questions of language and power, the argument here is that ways in which power operates in relation to class, gender, or race have not received adequate attention or a focus on possibilities of intervention.