By Frank Dehn, Hans-Dieter Beushausen, Mark G Alexander, Pilate Moyo
The Fourth overseas convention on Concrete fix, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (ICCRRR 2015) was once held 5-7 October 2015 in Leipzig, Germany. This convention is a collaborative enterprise by means of researchers from the South African study Programme in Concrete fabrics (based on the Universities of Cape city and The Witwatersrand) and the cloth technology team at Leipzig college and The Leipzig Institute for Materials Research and trying out (MFPA) in Germany.
ICCRRR 2015 maintains to hunt and to increase a legitimate base of concept and perform in fix and rehabilitation, via either theoretical andexperimental experiences, and during sturdy case learn literature. key points have to be addressed: that of constructing sound and simply utilized average practices for fix, in all likelihood codified, and the necessity to examine heavily the carrier functionality of repaired constructions and service structures. actually, with out making huge efforts to enforce the latter objective, a lot of the trouble in fix and rehabilitation could turn out to be under cost-efficient or satisfactory.
The convention lawsuits include papers offered on the convention which might be grouped lower than the six major topics of (i) Concrete sturdiness features, (ii) situation overview of concrete buildings, (iii) sleek fabrics know-how, (iv) Concrete fix, rehabilitation and retrofitting, (v) functionality and future health tracking and (vi)
Education, study and requirements. the big variety of prime quality papers awarded and the big variety of correct themes lined be certain that those court cases should be a valued reference for lots of operating during this vital box and they will shape an appropriate base for dialogue and supply feedback for destiny improvement and examine. Set of ebook of abstracts (244 pp) and a searchable complete paper CD-ROM (1054 pp).
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Extra info for Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting IV: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting
J. 2001a. CIF-Test—Capillary suction, Internal damage and Freeze thaw Test, Reference method and alternative methods A and B. Material and Structures 34, 9, 515–525. J. 2001b. Micro-Ice-Lens Formation in Porous Solid. In J. of Colloid and Interface Science 243, 193–201. J. 2009. Physikalische Grundlagen der Frostschädigung von Beton. In 6. Symposium Baustoffe und Bauwerkserhaltung, Tagungsband, 5–12. Siebel, E. et al. 2005. Übertragbarkeit von Frost-Laborprüfungen auf Praxisverhältnisse. DAfStB, 560, Beuth, Berlin.
Epoxy resin is suited because of the invisibly in the NMR and the possibility of applying a thin coating that is necessary due to the lack of space in the NMR Dewar tube. Further it was important to make the sealing longer than the real sample (see Fig. 8), forming a small container on top of the test surface. In this container water can be inserted preventing a water loss during the one hour lasting NMR measurements. indb 21 8/27/2015 9:07:28 AM saturated, samples into the degree of saturation.
Indb 21 8/27/2015 9:07:28 AM saturated, samples into the degree of saturation. 1) preventing a water loss during the measurement; however for the used NMR pulse sequence this free water is not visible due to its long relaxation. 4). The presented results show the mean value at each measure point of the four samples of each. Figure 8. Experimental process of the water uptake during capillary suction (left) and frost suction (right). 1 Capillary suction The result of the time dependent and spatially resolved degree of water saturation during the capillary suction (without frost exposure) is presented in Figure 9.