Download Construction Innovation by Finn Orstavik, Andrew R. J. Dainty, Carl Abbott PDF

By Finn Orstavik, Andrew R. J. Dainty, Carl Abbott

Construction innovation is a vital yet contested thought, either in perform and educational mirrored image and learn. A basic reason behind this can be the character of the development itself: the and the price construction actions happening there are multi-disciplinary, heterogeneous, dispensed and infrequently fragmented.

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This publication takes a brand new method of development innovation, revealing diversified views, set in a broader context. It coalesces a number of theoretical and practice-based perspectives with a view to stimulate mirrored image and to organize the floor for additional synthesis. via being transparent, cogent and unambiguous at the most simple definitions, it may possibly mobilise a plurality of views on innovation to advertise clean considering on the way it might be studied, enabled, measured, and propagated around the undefined.

This ebook doesn't gloss over the real-life complexity of development innovation. in its place, its authors glance explicitly on the demanding situations that conceptual matters entail and via making their very own place transparent, they open up clean highbrow area for mirrored image.

''Construction Innovation'' examines innovation from varied positions and during diverse conceptual lenses to bare the richness that the theoretical views supply to our figuring out of how that the development zone actors innovate at either undertaking and organizational degrees.

The editors have introduced jointly right here major students to deconstruct the concept that of innovation and to debate the advantages of alternative views, their commonalities and their variety. the result's a useful sourcebook for these learning and best innovation within the layout, the development and the upkeep of our equipped setting.

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Sample text

However, the product and process innovation and the economies of scale typical for factory volume production have continued to influence innovation policy and innovation research until today (Drejer 2004). This is one reason why conventional approaches to mapping ­construction innovation in industrial statistics have serious weaknesses, and why the general understanding of innovation in construction continues to be weak (Gann and Salter 2000; Winch 2006). In spite of this, as Drejer (2004) points out, the fundamental insights needed to conceptualize innovation in a simple and coherent way across diverse kinds of industries and sectors are available in Schumpeter’s work.

Thus, change is a central characteristic of innovation, but change is also relative, presupposing some knowledge of what it is that has changed. In fact, change in itself hardly counts as innovation, because that concept seems to imply some kind of desirable change. That is, there is a presumption that the change is for the better, that it represents an improvement, a step in the right direction, that it has value. Marceau (2008) conceives of innovation as the (economic) value of novelty. Of course, value is also relative.

It would seem that this mechanism creates a bias for innovations creating systems’ level improvements. These innovations can be designed to improve both the ­construction project, and the whole of the object that is being built. The common thread running through the entire discussion in this chapter is information. Insufficient and asymmetric information is the single issue that reduces economic incentives for innovation on the design and production of the built environment. The opacity of interactions in the process of design and production influences firms via several different mechanisms to act more economically rational and to be less willing to stake their future on innovation.

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