By Simon Young, Aubrey de Grey, Robert A. Freitas
Author note: Forwards through Dr. Aubrey de gray, Robert A Freitas
Publish 12 months note: First released September thirtieth 2005
The debate concerning the ethics of human biotechnology or genetic engineering is among the most vital cultural problems with our time. 'Transhumanism' is the philosophy that almost all of all helps genetic technological know-how and biotechnology, but the general public understands little approximately this rising philosophy. Transhumanism announces unequivocal help for the try to put off sickness, defeat demise, and increase the physique and brain past the restrictions of the age-old human situation. In Designer Evolution, Simon younger offers a polemical espousal of transhumanist philosophy and a trenchant assault on its critics, the 'Bio-Luddites'.
the writer demands a rejection of premodern superstition and post-modern nihilism in favour of a renewed trust in human development via medical rationality. In an age while cynicism, fatalism, and nihilism are rife, Designer Evolution will re-ignite a sense of optimism in regards to the way forward for our species. this can be a concise, reader-friendly advent to a extremely important philosophy that may turn into tough to disregard as advances in biotechnology more and more declare the headlines within the coming many years.
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Additional info for Designer Evolution: A Transhumanist Manifesto
NOTES 1. Camille Paglia, Sex, Art and American Culture (London: Penguin, 1992), p. 108. 2. com/Features/Interviews (accessed August 25, 2003). PART 2 THE BIO-LUDDITES THEISTS: ECOISTS: HUMANISTS: LIBERALS: THERAPISTS: DOOM MONGERS: AUTHORITY SANCTITY INVIOLACY MALEFICENCE MALLEABILITY CATASTROPHE Bio-Luddites make unusual bedfellows—the Religious Right and Liberal Left united in their sciphobia with the therapists who deny the biological influence on behavior, and the doom mongers disposed to see the glass half empty.
As Superbiology develops, therapy will gradually give way to enhancement—the improvement of body and mind beyond the dull level of functioning we call “normal” health. Life-crippling emotional dispositions such as nervousness, gloominess, timidity, lethargy, or aggressiveness will be avoidable by choice. Physical traits such as strength, stamina, vitality, and virility will all be capable of enhancement; speed of thought, memory, logic, learning, and creativity will all be targets of design. As our knowledge and skills develop, the potential for bioenhancement will be unlimited.
The first eugoics, best known of which is the mood-brightener Prozac, have in some cases succeeded way beyond expectations, transforming anxious, depressive introverts into socially confident extroverts—simply by raising levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin. Anxiety and depression are symptomatic of a dimension of personality we might call the Opioid Neurotype, characterized by a hyperreactive nervous system, which floods the body with endogenous tranquilizers to dampen the pain of overarousal.